Reading - Unit 5 - Tiếng anh 12 thí điểm

 - Người đăng bài viết: Mai Thị Ngọc Huyền  - Chuyên mục :  Đã xem: 77 

DAYTOT xin gửi tới các em bài dịch và hướng dẫn học sinh làm bài tập phần Reading - Unit 5 - Tiếng anh 12 thí điểm.

 

READING - UNIT 5 - TIẾNG ANH 12 THÍ ĐIỂM

Cultural identity in modern society

1    Use a dictionary to find the meaning of the words or phrases in the box. Then complete the sentences with their correct form. (Sử dụng từ điển để tìm ra ý nghĩa của các từ hoặc cụm từ trong hộp. Sau đó hoàn thành câu với hình thức đúng của chúng.)

integrate           aspect

for granted       cultural identifier

  • He had taken it__________ that his friend would tell the truth.
  • ________ are characteristics shared by individuals belonging to the same group or community.
  • When he studied abroad, he successfully ________ into the local culture.
  • His book covers all _______ of a migrant's life.

Đáp án:

1. for granted    2. Cultural identifiers    3. integrated    4. aspects

2    Read the passage about cultural identity. Four sentences have been removed from the passage. Choose a sentence (a-d) to complete each gap (1-4). (Đọc đoạn văn về bản sắc văn hóa. Bốn câu đã được gỡ bỏ từ đoạn văn. Chọn một câu (a-d) để hoàn thành mỗi khoảng trống (1-4).)

a. On the other hand, there are people who choose to abandon their heritage culture and assimilate into the new culture of the majority.

b. Cultural identity is usually understood as the identity or feeling of belonging to a group that has its own culture.

c. However, people often do not confine themselves to one culture.

d. The first stage, known as unexamined cultural identity, occurs during childhood, when culture is taken for granted.

There are various studies on cultural identity. (1)___________________  . Individuals usually define themselves by cultural identifiers such as nationality, ethnicity, location, history, language, gender, beliefs, customs, clothing and food.

It is suggested that cultural identity develops in three stages. (2)__________________________ . Cultural ideas and values provided by families, communities or the media are easily accepted without much critical thinking. In the second stage, called the cultural identity search, teenagers may become more curious, and willing to explore, analyse and compare their beliefs with other cultures. When people develop a clear sense of cultural identity, know which social group they belong to and feel satisfied with their cultural identity, they reach the final stage called cultural identity achievement.

Living in their own country, people can easily acquire and maintain their cultural identity because they are fully exposed to different aspects of their native culture. They inherit their ancestors' history, knowledge, language, beliefs, values, and customs, which have been passed from one generation to the next one.

(3) ____________________ . In the age of globalisation, access to the Internet and the media provides instant contact with many cultures. A person's cultural identity may be influenced by certain aspects of other cultures.

When people move to a new culture, they may react differently. Some people feel a strong urge to keep their cultural identity, so they continue speaking their language, cooking their food, wearing their traditional clothing, and celebrating their festivals. They also insist that their children and grandchildren maintain their

cultural identity. (4) __________________________ . Yet, there are people who integrate into the new cultural environment while keeping their own cultural identity and flexibly adjusting to the different aspects of the new culture.

Đáp án: 1.b              2.d          3.c           4. a

3   Read the passage again and answer the questions.

  • How do individuals define themselves?
  • What happens in the first and the second stages of the formation of cultural identity?
  • When do people reach the final stage?
  • Why can people's cultural identity be affected by other cultures even if they live in their native country?
  • What are the three ways people react when they move to a new culture?

Hướng dẫn:

Đọc bài lại lần nữa và trả lời các câu hỏi.

  • They define themselves by (cultural identifiers such as) nationality, ethnicity, location, history, language, gender, beliefs, customs, clothing and food.
  • In the first stage, children take culture for granted, and accept cultural ideas and values without much critical thinking. However, in the second stage, teenagers may become more curious, and willing to explore, analyse and compare their beliefs with other cultures.
  • When they develop a clear sense of cultural identity, know which social group they belong to, and feel satisfied with their cultural identity.
  • Because access to the Internet and the media provides instant contact with many cultures.
  • First, they keep their cultural identity. Second, they assimilate into the new culture of the majority. Third, they integrate into the new cultural environment (keeping their cultural identity and flexibly adjusting to the different aspects of the new culture).

4   What should you do to develop your cultural identity in today's modern society? Discuss with a partner.

Bạn nên làm gì để phát triển bản sắc văn hóa của mình trong xã hội hiện đại ngày nay? Thảo luận với một người bạn.



 


 
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